Mobility report 2015
Personal mobility in the Netherlands has not increased for the last few years and has stabilised at a level of 184 billion passenger kilometres. Bicycle use increased by 9% between 2004 and 2014. Much of this growth was due to the increasing use of e-bikes, mainly by the over 65s. Adults under 65 are also making more frequent use of e-bikes.
More than half of all e-bike kilometres are for leisure activities, but between 2013 and 2014 there was also a clear increase in the use of e-bikes for travel-to-work and shopping trips. The action radius of e-bikes is one and a half times as far as that of ‘normal’ bicycles.
In 2014 freight transport in the Netherlands (in terms of both weight carried and freight tonne-kilometres) was back at its pre-economic crisis level. This was due mainly to the growth of international transport over the previous five years. Although the amount of domestic freight transport was less than in the top years of 2007 and 2008, there was substantial growth for the first time in years. Despite strong competition, the transhipment of goods in Rotterdam increased in 2014. Container transhipment in particular was buoyant, with a growth rate of almost 6%. In 2014 the share of domestic inland shipping in the hinterland container transport market increased further.
Traffic volumes and travel time
In 2014 the volume of traffic on the Dutch highways grew by 2% from the 2013 level and congestion by 6%. This increase in loss of journey time on the highways is a consequence of the growth in economic activity, in turn leading to a growth in traffic, especially in the west and south of the country.
As the economy picks up and fuel prices remain low, road traffic is expected to increase further in 2015 and 2016 by 1.5% to 2.5% per year, and by a total of 9% from 2014 to 2020. Until 2020 this expected growth in traffic can only be partly accommodated by expanding road capacity. As a result, the loss of journey time can increase by a total of 45% in the period to 2020 compared with the level in 2014.