Towards sustainable sea and inland waterway shipping by 2050 (English summary)
Operational measures and the application of existing technologies can drastically reduce the CO2, SO2, NOx and PM10 emitted by sea and inland waterway shipping between 2010 and 2050.
Download "Naar een duurzame zee en binnenvaart in 2050 | Dutch" 1/2
Download "Summary towards sustainable sea and inland waterway shipping by 2050 | English" 2/2
This report is available in Dutch
These are the findings of the KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis' research study, 'Toward sustainable sea and inland waterway shipping by 2050'. With this report, KiM provides the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment with a set of building blocks that can help determine the strategic policy objectives for sustainable sea and inland waterway shipping. The CO2 emissions from sea shipping can especially be reduced by sailing slowly, and emissions from inland waterway shipping by the use of fuel-saving technologies and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). For both sea and inland waterway shipping, the treatment of emitted gases ('end-of-pipe-solutions') can virtually eliminate the emissions of SO2, NOx and PM10. The government - in its regulatory role - can deploy various instruments, such as emission taxes, emissions trading, fiscal measures, subsidies and standardisation. Agreements pertaining to sea and inland waterway shipping virtually always transpire on the international level.
This report is available in Dutch.