Towards sustainable road transport in 2050 (English summary)
Emissions of CO2 and air pollutants from road transport can be considerably reduced by 2050 using known technologies, while at the same time making road transport much less dependent on oil. This will not happen automatically: government intervention will be needed. The main options are the introduction of alternative vehicle types, such as electric and fuel cell vehicles, and low-emission energy carriers, such as electricity and hydrogen. The costs of these will have to fall considerably and they must be able to compete with the (cheaper) polluting technologies.
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This report is available in Dutch.
Government policy is best directed at a general reduction in emissions and allowing market participants to make their own technological choices, because it is not yet clear which technologies will turn out to be most cost-effective and enjoy broad public support.
These are the conclusions of the Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis (KiM) in a study into the possibilities for reducing road transport emissions of CO2 and air pollutants and making road transport less dependent on oil. B