Change to the external costs and infrastructure costs of goods transport due to the modal shift

On international goods transport corridors to and from the Netherlands, some of the goods currently transported by road, could be transported by rail or inland shipping, at a lower commercial cost. In addition, the external costs and infrastructure costs to the government per transport performance (tonne km) of freight transport by rail or inland shipping are currently lower than for road transport. In the short term, policy measures aimed at modal shift can therefore be effective according to the Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis (KiM).