Conceptual frameword for impact assessment of disctance-based road pricing for heavy goods vehicles

What are the potential effects of distance-based heavy good vehicle road pricing? In the latest Dutch cabinet coalition agreement from October 2017, ‘Confidence in the future’, a specific text passage states that a heavy goods vehicles charge will be implemented by 2023 (VVD, CDA, D’66 and CU, 2017).

The KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis devised a conceptual framework for impact assessment of a kilometre charge for heavy goods vehicles (HGV) based on relevant literature. Moreover, a supplementary infographic provides an overview of how HGV road pricing would impact the various segments of the freight transport system, revealing the effects on transport and traffic, the economy and living environment. The conceptual framework was developed on behalf of the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management and serves as a foundation for further analyses of HGV road pricing.

The conceptual framework distinguishes between the various markets (or layers) where supply and demand converge: the traffic market, transport market, logistics market and goods market. It describes the behavioural reactions of the actors engaged in the various markets: drivers/carriers, shippers/logistics providers, producers and consumers. Negotiations and agreements about pricing, quality standards, delivery terms and quantities transpire in these markets. The expectation is that the costs will initially be passed on to customers. Should that prove impossible, other measures are then required, including cost savings, more and/or improved collaboration or profit margin adjustments.

Paper by Jan Francke and Taede Tillema for the 47th European Transport Conference (ETC) in Dublin.