Used vehicles and CO2 emissions

In 2020, around 335,000 used cars and other light duty vehicles were exported from Europe to Africa. Exported second-hand cars shipped from Dutch harbours are, on average, 18.2 years old and have a mileage of 226,000 km. Following the revision of the European Commission's end-of-life directive, the KiM Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis did a quick scan whether export regulation for second-hand cars leads to CO2 savings. Export regulation can, for example, ban the export of old cars or impose requirements regarding a minimum Euro emission class (Euro 4). KiM has not been able to determine the CO2 savings of different types of export regulation because too little is known about, among other things, the characteristics of the cars that are currently exported, the use of second-hand cars in Africa and the alternatives that people will use. Therefore, KiM concludes in de short synopsis 'Used vehicles and CO2 emissions: A quick scan of what we do and do not know about the effects of European export regulations on CO2 emissions in Africa' that too little is known to determine with certainty that export regulation leads to CO2 savings.